Unified Data Sheet

P08 - High Resolution Diffraction Beamline

P08 is specialized in X-ray scattering and diffraction experiments on solids and liquids where extreme high resolution in reciprocal space is required. The photon energy can be varied between 5.4 keV and 29.4 keV, the beamsize between 2 µm and 1 mm. The flux at the sample depends on the setup and is between 1010 and 1012 photons/sec. The resolution in reciprocal space at 8 keV corresponds to smallest lenghtscales of 80 pm with an accuracy of 5x10-5 and 5 µm for upper lengthscales. At 25 keV length scales between 30 pm with 10-4 accuracy and 1.5 µm are accessible.

CONTACT


GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

techniques available
High resolution X-ray scattering and diffraction
photon source
undulator
period
number of periods
max power
29 mm
66
3 kW
source brilliance 
10 18 ph /s / 0.1% bw / mA    (max. 100mA)
polarization available
linear horizontal
energy range 
5.4 keV – 29.4 keV 
beamline energy resolution
deltaE/E = 0.6x10-4 ... 0.1x10-4
max flux ON SAMPLE
2x1012 ph/s at 8.4 keV
spot size ON SAMPLE 
30 μm x 2 μm  to  1500 μm x 1000 μ       
angle of incidence light – sample 
to 9 (solid) /  2.5 Å-1 (liquid)
sample type
solid or liquid

 

OPTICS

type

liq. N2 cooled Double Crystal Monochromator

available reflections
Si111  and  Si311
energy range         
4.5 keV - 70 keV
resolving power 
E/deltaE : 1x104 ... 2x104

type

Compound Refractive Lens changer 1

focal length
ca 30 m
type of lenses        
2d - Beryllium
energy range         
5.4 keV - 29.4 keV
usage         
1) Setting to arbitrary beamsize
             200µm - 1500µm (horizontally)
             20µm - 1000µm (vertically)
2) collimation
          horizontal divergence : 10µrad
          vertical divergence     : 2µrad

type

Large Offset Double Crystal Monochromator

available reflections
Si311  and  Si511
energy range         
5.4 keV - 18.4 keV  (Si311)
8.4 keV - 29.4 keV (Si511)
resolving power 
E/deltaE = 1.6x104... x105

type

Compound Refractive Lens Changer 2

focal length  2 m
type of lenses        
2d - Beryllium
energy range         
5.4 keV - 29.4 keV
usage         
microfocussing:
          30µm (horizontally)
            2µm (vertically)

 

ENDSTATION(S)

Solid samples
Diffractometer
6-Cirlce Kohzu NZD-3, closed Eulerian Cradle
Manipulator 
Standard stage (10 kg max load):
      xy : +/- 15 mm travel ;  z : +/- 10 mm travel
     distance to pivot point: 70-90 mm
     optional: double goniometer for surface alignment
                     (18-38 mm til pivot point)
Optional: Heavy load stage (20 kg max load, opposite to
                 standard sage, 80 mm hole through
      xyz  : +/- 5 mm travel 
Sample environment 
optional : HV oven with Be-dome for thin layers (500°C)
optional : Anton Paar vacuum oven (Carbon-dome) for thin
                  layers (1000°C)
optional : Kapton cell flushed with inert gas
optional : two microscops (2µm resolution) from top and/or
                  from the side
optional : Lakeshore 340 temperature controller
optional : user defined equipment
Liquid samples
Diffractometer
Special Diffractormeter for Liquid Surfaces
and Interfaces (LISA)
Type: Double Crystal (Si111 / Si220)
Manipulator 
xyz - stage (80 kg max load)
Sample environment 
optional : anti-vibration stage
optional : Lakeshore 340 temperature controller
optional : user defined equipment

DETECTOR(S)

Detection modes
Transmission 
        yes       
Refraction   
        yes  
Fluorescence           
     partially      
Total electron yield
        no 
Grazing incidence angle    
       yes


Point Detector(s)
Type 
 APD, NaI
energy resolution 
 none
count rate 
107 cts/s (APD)  ;   4x104 cts/s (NaI) 
angular resolution  
given by slits
2theta range  
Scanning : Depending on setup -10° ... 80° / 140°
2theta horizontal range
Scanning : Depending on setup -10° ...  60°
  typical collection time
1 ms ...  10 s
Point Detector(s)
Type 
Vortex
energy resolution 
100 eV
count rate 
2x105 cts/s 
2theta range  
fixed to backscattering
  typical collection time
1 s
Linear Detector(s)
Type 
Mythen 1k
energy resolution 
none
count rate 
105 cts/s/pixel
spatial resolution 
50 µm
angular resolution  
0.002°/pixel
2theta range  
Scanning : depending on setup : -10° ... 80°/140°
  2theta horizontal range
Scanning : depending on setup : -10° ... 60°
read-out time 
100 ms (standard)
      pixel size         
50 µm x 8000 µm
array size 
1 x 1280
field of view  
8 x 64 mm2
 degrees of freedom / translation stages
1 rotation hor/ver
  typical collection time
0.1 ... 10 s
Area Detector(s)
Type 
Perkin Elmer (flat panel)
count rate 
65 kcts/pixel
spatial resolution 
200 µm
angular resolution  
depending on setup
2theta range  
depending on setup : 4°...40°
read-out time 
30 frames/sec
      pixel size         
200 µm x 200 µm
array size 
2048 x 2048
field of view  
410x 410 mm2
 degrees of freedom / translation stages
no
  typical collection time
0.1 ... 100 s
Area Detector(s)
Type 
Dectris Pilatus 100 K
count rate 
1 Mcts/pixel/sec
spatial resolution 
172 µm
angular resolution  
depending on setup
2theta range  
Scanning : depending on setup : -10°...80°/140°
  2theta horizontal range
Scanning : depending on setup : -10°...60°
read-out time 
1 msec
      pixel size         
172 µm x 172 µm
array size 
487 x 195
field of view  
83.8 x 33.5 mm2
 degrees of freedom / translation stages
no
  typical collection time
2 ms ... 10 sec

 

CONTROL/DATA ANALYSIS

Software type
SPOCK, Tango
Data output type
ascii, cbf, tif, Online format fio
Data output
ascii, TIF
Software(s) for quantitative analysis
Python based scripts, Matlab, fit2d

 

SUPPORT LAB

On request two support labs are available for mechnical and electronic work. An optical microscope for sample preparation can also be used.